Facts & Figures

In Numbers

  • In 2010, Syria’s population was just over 20 million
  • 4 out of 5 Syrian refugees are women and children
  • Fewer than 1% of Syria’s refugees will ever get a chance to be resettled overseas
  • More than 4.5 million Syrian refugees are in just 5 countries: Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt
  • It is estimated that more than 400,000 Syrians have died and more than 13.5 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria (more than half the country’s pre-war population)
  • Nearly 5 million refugees fled Syria and at least 6 million are internally displaced
  • Nearly 40,000 Syrian refugees have arrived in Canada

Timeline of Syrian Conflict

March 2011: Civil uprising begins.

April 2011: Flow of Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries begins as 2,000 cross into Turkey.

July 2012: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees-run  Zaatari refugee camp is opened in Jordan.

December 2012: UN says more than 500,000 Syrian refugees have fled by year’s end.

March 2013: UN says more than a million Syrians are now refugees. Growing numbers flee the cities of Deraa, Homs, Aleppo and Damascus.

June 2013: António Guterres, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, calls Syria the “worst humanitarian disaster of our era.”

December 2013: UN says by end of year 2.3 million Syrian refugees have fled into Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Egypt.

August 2014: UN reports that the number of Syrian refugees has surpassed 3 million with more than a million people having fled in the last 12 months alone.

January 2016: A report from the International Organization for Migration notes 2015 as the deadliest year for immigrants and refugees

March 2016: Number of Syrian refugees arriving in Canada reaches over 26,000

September 2016: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau urges more help for Syrian refugees at UN summit in New York

January 2017: The Government of Canada announces expiry of exemption policy for Syrian and Iraqi refugees.
February 2017: Number of Syrian refugees arriving in Canada reaches over 40,000.